good health and well-being

Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages

Child health

17,000 fewer children die each day than in 1990, but more than six million children still die before their fifth birthday each year.

Since 2000, measles vaccines have averted nearly 15.6 million deaths.

Despite global progress, an increasing proportion of child deaths are in sub-Saharan Africa and Southern Asia. Four out of every five deaths of children under age five occur in these regions.

India’s Under Five Mortality (U5MR) declined from 125 per 1,000 live births in 1990 to 49 per 1,000 live births in 2013.

 

Maternal health

Globally, maternal mortality has fallen by almost 50% since 1990.

In Eastern Asia, Northern Africa and Southern Asia, maternal mortality has declined by around two-thirds. But, the maternal mortality ratio – the proportion of mothers that do not survive childbirth compared to those who do – in developing regions is still 14 times higher than in the developed regions.

Only half of women in developing regions receive the recommended amount of health care.

From a Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) of 437 per 100,000 live births in 1990-91, India came down to 167 in 2009. Delivery in institutional facilities has risen from 26% in 1992-93 to 72% in 2009.

HIV/AIDS

By 2014, there were 13.6 million people accessing antiretroviral therapy, an increase from just 800,000 in 2003.

New HIV infections in 2013 were estimated at 2.1 million, which was 38% lower than in 2001.

At the end of 2013, there were an estimated 35 million people living with HIV.

At the end of 2013, 240,000 children were newly infected with HIV.

India has made significant strides in reducing the prevalence of HIV and AIDS across different types of high-risk categories. Adult prevalence has come down from 0.45 percent in 2002 to 0.27 in 2011.


Slidebars